The human body is designed to withstand long periods of standing and walking along a straight line, therefore activities that involve turning, side and stop-start movements, like netball, hockey, football, even zumba classes, create shearing forces and grinding within the knee. These repetitive forces or trauma can create knee pain. Because of this, the muscles around the knee including the hamstrings, quadriceps and calf muscles are critical to stabilise, and support our knees in all activities. If any of these muscles do not correctly support the knee, it can lead to the knee functioning in an abnormal way. A lot of injuries such as cruciate ligament (internal knee ligament), patellofemoral pain, are a result of internal rotation of the knee which can then be aggravated by added movements, or even lack of movement.
What can Hibiscus podiatry do?
In our assessments we don’t just assess the knee, we also look at any abnormal biomechanics (alignment and function) of the lower limb since knee injuries often occur due to faulty mechanics, like delayed re-supination (the foot becoming a rigid lever) due to prolonged pronation (flattened arch). This causes your lower leg to internally rotate, when it should be externally rotating. This abnormal effect can lead to knee pain. So in assessing knee pain we need to address the cause and to do that we need to:
- Check footwear.
- Analyse the foot.
- Check your walking gait.
- Check your history to see if it is a secondary or primary injury.
- Work with physios to establish knee exercises.
Of course knee pain can be caused through other conditions such as arthritis, osteoarthritis (wear & tear) and even gout.
The knee is a complex joint and is the largest joint in the human body. It has many components to its structure and due to this plus our activities it makes it vulnerable to injury.
If you have any questions about this article feel free to contact us on the above numbers or drop into clinic for a quick chat.